REKOMENDASI PERAWATAN TERKINI DALAM PENATALAKSANAAN KEJANG PADA NEONATUS

Elfy Syahreni


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/jki.v8i2.150


Abstract


Abstrak

Kejang adalah perilaku yang tidak terkontrol yang sering ditemukan pada neonatus. Kejang yang terjadi pada neonatus dapat mengakibatkan kerusakan otak permanen. Penyebab kejang pada neonatus sangat bervariasi di antaranya adalah hypoxic-ischaemic encehepalophaty (HIE), infeksi susunan saraf pusat, perdarahan intrakranial, dan gangguan metabolisme. Pengkajian terhadap tanda dan gejala kejang serta faktor pencetus kejang sangat penting dalam pemberian intervensi keperawatan yang tepat pada neonatus. Dampak lanjut dari kejang pada neonatus dapat menimbulkan kematian dan gejala sisa. Mengingat dampak tersebut, penatalaksanaan perawatan terkini dan berkualitas menjadi bagian penting untuk neonatus penderita kejang.

 

Abstract

Seizure is a clinical syndrome characterized by an uncontrolled behavior in neonate. The main cause of seizure in neonate is HIE, central nervous system infection, intracranial hemorrhage, and metabolic disturbance. Seizure will lead to permanent brain damage. Identified sign, symptom and risk factor of seizure are very important in order to provide an accurate nursing management in neonate. Further negative impact of seizure is sequel or death. Considering the facts above, it is necessary to provide the latest nursing care and a high quality of care to neonate who is experiencing seizure.


Keywords


kerusakan otak, kekakuan, masalah neurologis, perilaku tidak terkontrol

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References


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