DUKUNGAN ATASAN DAN TEMAN SEJAWAT MEMENGARUHI EKSPEKTASI PERAWAT DALAM PENERAPAN JENJANG KARIR

Tuti Afriani, Rr. Tutik Sri Hariyati, Dewi Gayatri


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/jki.v20i2.516


Abstract


Abstrak

 

Masalah utama yang dihadapi perawat di Indonesia adalah masalah kualitas sumber daya manusia.Sistem jenjang karir merupakan salah satu cara meningkatkan kualitas perawat dalam memberikan asuhan keperawatan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi dukungan atasan dan teman sejawat ekspektasi perawat dalam penerapan jenjang karir di rumah sakit. Desain penelitian menggunakan korelasi deskriptif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Jumlah sampel 145 perawat di salah satu rumah sakit Kabupaten Bogor Jawa Barat dengan teknik simple random sampling.Data dianalisis menggunakan uji Chi-Square dan Regresi Logistik Berganda. Terdapat hubungan dukungan atasan (p value = 0,000) dan dukungan teman sejawat (p value = 0,023) dengan ekpektasi perawat terhadap penerapan jenjang karir di rumah sakit. Dukungan atasan (OR = 3,806) dan jenis kelamin (OR = 2,278) merupakan faktor yang paling dominan dengan ekspektasi perawat. Penelitian ini merekomendasikan agar pimpinan rumah sakit mendukung sistem jenjang karir dan memotivasi perawat meningkatkan kompetensi melalui sistem jenjang karir sehingga ekspektasi perawat meningkat terhadap manfaat dari sistem ini.

Kata kunci: dukungan atasan, dukungan teman sejawat, ekspektasi, jenjang karir perawat.


Abstract

The main problem faced by nurses in Indonesia is a nursing quality. Nursing Clinical Ladder System (CLS) is one way to improve the quality of nurses in providing nursing care. This study is aimed to identify superiors and peers support affecting nurses’ expectations towards the implementation of nursing clinical ladder system. This research is using Cross Sectional descriptive correlation and simple random sampling technique, and has involved 145 nurses at one hospital in Kabupaten Bogor Jawa Barat. Data were analyzed by Chi-Square test and Multiple Logistic Regression. There is found a significant relationships between leader’s support (p= 0,000) and colleagues’ support (p= 0,023) and the nurses' expectations towards the implementation of CLS. The leader support (OR= 3,806) and the gender factor (OR=2,278) are the dominant factors of nurses’ expectation. It is recommended that hospital leaders support CLS and motivate nurses to improve their competence through this system so that CLP will increase the nurses’ expectation to the benefits of CLS.

               
Keywords: superiors support, peers support, expectation, nursing clinical ladder system, 


Keywords


dukungan atasan, dukungan teman sejawat, ekspektasi, jenjang karir perawat.

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