PENGARUH APLIKASI MODEL “SIMBOL ANDI” TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN KETERAMPILAN ANAK USIA SEKOLAH DENGAN RISIKO CEDERA DI KOTA DEPOK

Ressa Andriyani Utami, Agus Setiawan, Poppy Fitriyani
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Abstract

Cedera menyebabkan 5,8 juta kematian di dunia dan 16% kasus cedera menyebabkan kecacatan. Faktor perilaku anak usia sekolah yang meliputi pengetahuan, sikap dan keterampilan terkait pencegahan cedera berpengaruh terhadap kejadian cedera. Strategi pencegahan cedera yang dilakukan adalah dengan Model Sandi (Simbol Andi) menggunakan video animasi dengan tokoh bernama Andi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis penerapan Model Sandi dalam pencegahan cedera pada tatanan komunitas, khususnya di lingkungan sekolah. Desain penelitian ini adalah quasi experiment pre-post test without control group. Jumlah sampel penelitian sebanyak 136 anak usia sekolah berusia 11-12 tahun yang dipilih melalui teknik cluster sampling. Pengetahuan mengenai pencegahan dan penanganan cedera meningkat sebesar 2,18 poin dengan SD=1,60, sikap mengenai pencegahan dan penanganan cedera meningkat sebesar 1,97 poin dengan nilai SD=0,99 dan keterampilan mengenai pencegahan dan penanganan cedera meningkat sebesar 2,06 poin dengan nilai SD=2,19. Hasil analisis menujukkan adanya perubahan yang bermakna pada pengetahuan, sikap dan keterampilan sebelum dan sesudah diberikan intervensi (p <0,05). Intervensi Model Sandi diharapkan dapat dijadikan salah satu pendekatan intervensi keperawatan dalam menyelesaikan permasalahan risiko cedera pada anak usia sekolah.

 

Kata kunci: anak usia sekolah, intervensi keperawatan, model simbol, risiko cedera

 

Abstract

 

The influence of "Simbol Andi" Model Application of Knowledge, Attitude, and Skills of School Ages with Injury Risk in Depok City. Injuries caused 5.8 million deaths worldwide and 16% of injury cases caused disability. Behavioral of school age children that include knowledge, attitudes and skills affect the incidence of injury in school-aged children. “Sandi” Symbolic Modelling is an injury prevention using video animation for injury prevention. This study aimed to an analysis of the application of Model Sandi (Simbol Andi) in the prevention of injury to the community. The design of this study was a quasi-experiment pre nd posttest without control group. A total sample 136 school-aged children at 11 and 12 years old involved in this study. Sampling method used cluster sampling technique. Results knowledge on prevention and treatment of injury increased by 2.18 points, attitude on prevention and treatment of injury increased by 1.97 points and skill on prevention and treatment of injury increased by 2.06 points. The results showed significant changes in knowledge, attitude and skills before and after intervention (p<0.05). Model Sandi Intervention is expected to be one of the approaches of nursing intervention in solving the problem of risk of injury in school-aged children at school.


Keywords: Symbolic modeling, nursing intervention, risk of injury, school-aged children

Keywords

Model Simbol; intervensi keperawatan; risiko cedera; anak usia sekolah; Symbolic modeling; nursing intervention; risk of injury; school-aged children

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