THE EFFECT OF MONITORING EDUCATION ON MENSTRUAL HEALTH AWARENESS AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS IN BANTEN

Dora Samaria, Theresia Theresia, Doralita Doralita
| Abstract views: 51 | PDF views: 21

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that female college students have a low awareness of menstrual health. This situation must be resolved to prevent negative effects on their reproductive health. The objective of this study was to identify the effect of menstrual flow monitoring education on menstrual health awareness using lectures, demonstrations, and exercises. The researcher used menstrual flow charts and menstrual calendars as learning media. This study used a quasi-experimental design with only one group pretest and posttest. The sample was made up of 117 female college students from the Economic Education Study Program at University X; the individuals were selected by a purposive sampling technique. The data were analyzed using a paired t-test. There was a significant difference in menstrual health awareness score between pretest and posttest (p= 0.017). The researchers recommend that future study should include the performance of a randomized control trial on a larger population.

 

Keywords: menstrual health awareness, menstrual flow monitoring, education

 

Abstrak

 

Pengaruh Edukasi Monitoring Terhadap Kesadaran Kesehatan Menstruasi pada Mahasiswa di Banten. Penelitian sebelumnya menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswi memiliki kesadaran rendah akan kesehatan menstruasi. Kondisi ini harus diselesaikan untuk mencegah dampak negatif pada kesehatan reproduksi mereka. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi pengaruh pengaruh edukasi menstrual flow monitoring terhadap kesadaran kesehatan menstruasi menggunakan ceramah, demonstrasi, dan latihan. Peneliti menggunakan menstrual flow chart dan kalender menstruasi sebagai media pembelajaran. Desain penelitian ini adalah kuasi eksperimen dengan satu kelompok pretest dan posttest. Sampel penelitian meliputi 117 mahasiswi Program Studi Pendidikan Ekonomi, Universitas X yang diseleksi menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Data dianalisis menggunakan Paired t-test. Terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan skor kesadaran kesehatan menstruasi antara pretest dan posttest (p = 0.017). Peneliti merekomendasikan desain randomized control trial pada populasi yang lebih besar untuk penelitian selanjutnya.

 

Kata kunci: kesadaran kesehatan menstruasi, menstrual flow monitoring, edukasi

Keywords

menstrual health awareness; menstrual flow monitoring; education

Full Text:

PDF

References

ACOG. (2015). Committee Opinion No. 651: Menstruation in girls and adolescents: Using the menstrual cycle as a vital sign. Obstet Gynecol, 126 (6), e143–e146. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000001215.

Ali, T.S., & Rizvi, S.N. (2010). Menstrual knowledge and practices of female adolescents in urban. Journal of Adolescence, 33 (4), 531–541. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2009.05.013.

Arianti, S.I. (2012). Pembelajaran kesadaran kesehatan reproduksi pada siswa SMALB/C (Tunagrahita). Jurnal Ilmiah Guru “COPE” (Caraka Olah Pikir Edukatif), XVI (01), 61–69. Retrieved from https://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/cope/article/view/3956/3415.

Busari, A. O. (2012). Menstrual knowledge and health care behavior among adolescent girls in rural, higeria. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 2(4), 149–154. Retrieved from http://www.ijastnet.com/journals/Vol_2_No_4_April_2012/20.pdf.

Bobak, I.M., Lowdermilk, D.L., & Jensen, M.D. (2004). Buku ajar keperawatan maternitas (Edisi 4. Alih Bahasa: Maria A, dkk.). Jakarta: EGC.

Chumlea, W.C., Schubert, C.M., Roche, A.F., Kulin, H.E., Lee, P.A., Himes, J.H., & Sun, S.S. (2003). Age at menarche and racial comparisons in US girls. Pediatrics, 111 (1), 110–113. doi: 10.1542/peds.111.1.110.

DeSilva, N.K. (2010). Abnormal uterine bleeding in the. The Female Patient, 35 (July), 25–28. Retrieved from https://pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu/sites/pedclerk.uchicago.edu/files/uploads/035070025.pdf.

Dudeja, P., Sindhu, A., Shankar, P., & Gadekar, T. (2016). A cross-sectional study to assess awareness about menstruation in adolescent girls of an urban slum in western Maharashtra. (5), 8–12. doi: 10.1515/ijamh-2016-0079.

Esimai, O.A., & Esan, G.O. (2010). Awareness of menstrual abnormality amongst college students in urban area of Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. Indian J Community Med., 35 (1), 63–66. doi: 10.4103/0970-0218.62559.

Fehintola, F.O., Fehintola, A.O., Aremu, A.O., Idowu, A., Ogunlaja, O.A., & Ogunlaja, I.P. (2017). Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice about menstruation and menstrual hygiene among secondary high school girls in Ogbomoso, Oyo state, Nigeria. International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology, 6 (5), 1726–1732. doi: 10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20171932.

Gustina, E., & Djannah, S.N. (2015). Sumber informasi dan pengetahuan tentang menstrual hygiene pada remaja putri. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 10(2), 147–152. Retrieved from https://journal.unnes.ac.id/nju/index.php/kemas/article/download/3375/3287.

Langer, B., Mahajan, R., Gupta, R. K., Kumari, R., Jan, R., & Mahajan, R. (2015). Impact of menstrual awareness and knowledge among adolescents in a rural area. Indian J Comm Health, 27(04), 456–461. Retrieved from http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/download/604/604.

Putri, R.L.D., & Melaniani, S. (2013). Analisis faktor hubungan usia menarche dini. Jurnal Biometrika Dan Kependudukan, 2 (01), 42–50.

Samaria, D., Hapsari, E.D., & Pangastuti, N. (2016). Pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan pencapaian identitas peran ibu pada wanita yang menikah dini. Jurnal Skolastik Keperawatan, 2 (2), 130–142. Retrieved from http://jurnal.unai.edu/index.php/jsk/article/view/555/436.

Sharma, N., Sharma, P., Sharma, N., Wavare, R.R., Gautam, B., & Sharma, M. (2013). A cross sectional study of knowledge, attitude and practices of menstrual hygiene among medical students in north India. The Journal of Phytopharmacology, 2 (5), 28–37. Retrieved from http://www.phytopharmajournal.com/V2issue505.pdf.

Shoor, P. (2017). A study of knowledge, attitude, and practices of menstrual health among adolescent school girls in urban field practice area of medical college, Tumkur. Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU), 10 (3), 249–255.

Solehati, T., Trisyani, M., & Hermayanti, Y. (2017). Hubungan Sumber Informasi dan Usia Remaja Puteri dengan Perilaku Perawatan Diri saat Menstruasi. Jurnal Keperawatan Padjajaran, 5(2), 145–154, doi: 10.24198/jkp.v5i2.452.

Tarhane, S., & Kasulkar, A. (2015). Awareness of adolescent girls regarding menstruation and practices during menstrual cycle. Panacea Journal of Medical Science, 5(1), 29–32. Retrieved from http://oaji.net/articles/2015/729-1438337761.pdf.

Tayebi, N., Yazdanpanahi, Z., Yektatalab, S., Pourahmad, S., & Akbarzadeh, M. (2017). The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and menstrual disorders at different ages of menarche and sex hormones. Journal of the National Medical Association, 1–8, doi: 10.1016/j.jnma.2017.10.007.

Trisetiyaningsih, Y., Hapsari, E.D., & Widad, S. (2016). Pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan tentang menopause terhadap perubahan kualitas hidup perempuan klimakterik. Jurnal Keperawatan Padjajaran, 4(2), 191–199. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004.

WHO. (2018). Adolescent development. Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/topics/adolescence/development/en/

Yagnik, A.S. (2015). Knowledge (K), attitude (A), and practice (P) of women and men about menstruation and menstrual practices in Ahmedabad, India: Implication for health communication campaigns and interventions. Proquest Dissertations: 3726917. Bowling Green State University. Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/!etd.send_file?accession=bgsu1430829910&disposition=inline.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.