DEPRESI BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KUALITAS HIDUP PENDERITA KANKER KOLOREKTAL DI RUMAH SAKIT KOTA MAKASSAR

Nuridah Nuridah, Ariyanti Saleh, Cahyono Kaelan
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Abstract

Kanker kolorektal merupakan salah satu penyakit kanker yang angka kejadiannya semakin meningkat. Tujuan penelitian ini menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kualitas hidup penderita kanker kolorektal. Penelitian pre eksperimental korelasional deskriptif dengan menggunakan desain kajian potong lintang dengan tehnik total sampel yang menderita kanker kolorektal. Sampel berjumlah 50 orang yang diperoleh dari RS di Kota Makassar. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji korelasi Pearson dan Spearman untuk melihat hubungan serta uji Chi square untuk melihat perbedaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara fatigue dengan kualitas hidup penderita kanker kolorektal (p˂ 0,05), ada hubungan antara depresi dengan kualitas hidup penderita  kanker kolorektal (p˂ 0,05), dan ada perbedaan status perkawinan dengan kualitas hidup penderita kanker kolorektal (p˂ 0,05) sehingga melalui uji regresi linear didapatkan depresi merupakan faktor yang paling berhubungan dengan kualitas hidup penderita kanker kolorektal (p˂ 0,05). Aspek psikis merupakan komponen penting yang perlu diperhatikan dalam merawat pasien kanker kolorektal untuk mendapatkan kualitas hidup yang lebih baik.

 

Kata kunci: kanker kolorektal, kualitas hidup

 

Abstract

 

Depression Related to Life Quality of Colorectal Cancer Patients in Makassar City Hospital. Colorectal cancer is a cancer which incidence increased year by year. This research aimed to analyse factors related to the quality of life of patients with colorectal cancer. The research applied descriptive pre-experimental correlations with a cross-sectional study design with a total sample technique of colorectal cancer. A sample of 50 people was obtained from the hospital in the city of Makassar. Data were analyzed using the Pearson and Spearman correlation test to find out the relationship, and Chi square test to find out the difference. The results showed that there was a relationship between fatigue and the quality of life of patients with colorectal cancer (p˂0,05) there was a relationship between depression and quality of life of patients with colorectal cancer (p˂0,05), and there were differences in marital status and quality of life for cancer patients colorectal (p˂0,05), so that through a linear regression test found depression was the most associated factor with quality of life of patients with colorectal cancer (p˂0,05). The important point during taking care of patients with colorectal cancers is consent in the psychological aspects to have a better quality of life.


Keywords: colorectal cancer, quality of life

Keywords

kanker kolorektal; Kualitas hidup; colorectal cancer; quality of life

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