HUBUNGAN PERAN DAN FUNGSI MANAJEMEN KEPALA RUANGAN DENGAN KEBERHASILAN PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM PENGENDALIAN INFEKSI NOSOKOMIAL

Hanny Handiyani, Allenidekania Allenidekania, Tris Eryando
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Abstract

Abstrak

Artikel ini merupakan hasil penelitian yang bertujuan untuk membuktikan adanya hubungan peran dan fungsi manajemen kepala ruangan (karu) dengan faktor keberhasilan kegiatan pengendalian infeksi nosokomial (IN). Metoda yang digunakan adalah deskriptif analitik secara cross sectional. Responden penelitian adalah total populasi karu rawat inap (N=43) di suatu rumah sakit (RS). Hasil penelitian yang menggunakan force model menunjukkan adanya hubungan bermakna antara peran dan fungsi manajemen karu dengan faktor keberhasilan kegiatan pengendalian IN. Dari analisis multivariat tanpa force model didapatkan bahwa karu yang melakukan fungsi perencanaan yang baik berpeluang meningkatkan keberhasilan pengendalian IN 8,997 kali dibandingkan dengan karu yang melakukan fungsi perencanaan kurang baik setelah dikontrol oleh usia dan masa kerja sebagai karu. Karu yang melaksanakan fungsi pengarahan dengan baik berpeluang meningkatkan keberhasilan pengendalian IN 21,411 kali dibandingkan karu yang berfungsi pengarahan kurang baik setelah dikontrol oleh usia dan masa kerja sebagai karu. Rekomendasi untuk pihak manajer keperawatan RS agar meningkatkan peran dan fungsi karu sebagai manajer terdepan di ruang rawat melalui dukungan kebijakan dan fasilitas yang mendukung upaya tersebut.

 

Abstract

This article are study aimed to find the correlation between the role and function of management of ward manager and the achievement of nosocomial infection control activities. The descriptive analytical method with cross sectional approach was used in this study. Total population of 43 ward managers of a hospital as the respondent. The findings with used force model showed that there was significant correlation between the role and function of management of ward manager and the achievement of nosocomial infection control activities. Multivariate analysis without force model showed that the ward manager who performed their planning function effectively could increase the achievement of nosocomial infection control 8,977 times more than the ward manager who did not perform their planning function effectively. Furthermore, the ward manager who performed their directing function effectively could increase the achievement of nosocomial infection control 21,411 times more than the ward manager who did not perform their directing function effectively. Based on the results, it is recommended that the ward manager as the front line of managers in the hospital to improve their role and function in controlling nosocomial infection.

Keywords

infeksi nosokomial, manajemen, kepala ruangan

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References

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