Pengalaman Keluarga Merawat Lansia dengan Tingkat Ketergantungan Tinggi di Rumah, Kota Malang, Jawa Timur: Studi Fenomenologi

Joko Wiyono, Junaiti Sahar, Wiwin Wiarsih


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/jki.v12i2.204


Abstract


Abstrak

Penelitian fenomenologi deskriptif ini bertujuan mendapatkan gambaran arti dan makna pengalaman keluarga dalam merawat lansia dengan ketergantungan tinggi di rumah, di Kota Malang. Data dikumpulkan dari 8 anggota keluarga pemberi asuhan utama pada lansia di keluarga dan dianalisis dengan metode Colaizzi. Hasil penelitian menggambarkan alasan keluarga merawat lansia di rumah, alasan utama merawat, alasan penunjang merawat, kegiatan merawat, persepsi selama merawat, koping selama merawat, dukungan selama merawat, masalah selama merawat dan upaya selama merawat; perubahan dalam keluarga berupa perubahan peran, fungsi keluarga dan tugas keluarga; dan dampak pada pemberi asuhan informal; makna dari pengalaman merawat lansia yaitu perubahan sikap menjadi lebih sabar; dan sumber kebutuhan pelayanan kesehatan. Perawat keluarga perlu mempertimbangkan sumber daya keluarga dan dinamika budaya setempat. Penelitian selanjutnya dapat membandingkan atau mengetahui hubungan berbagai macam variabel yang muncul sebagai tema dalam penelitian ini.

 

Abstract

This descriptive phenomenology research was aimed to describe the meaning and essence of family experience in caring for high dependence elderly at home, in Malang City. The data was collected from 8 primary informal caregivers for elderly in family and analyzed by Collaizi’s method. The result described family reason for nursing care for elderly at home, main reason in providing care, supporting reason for providing care; nursing activities, perception during providing care, coping, support, problem encountered and efforts during nursing care for elderly; change of family role, function, and task; attitude change to be more patience as the meaning of experience; and source of health service needs. Family nurses need to consider available family source and the local culture. Further research is also recommended to compare or identify relationship of various variables that occurred as themes in this present research.


Keywords


lansia ketergantungan tinggi, merawat, pengalaman keluarga

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