Penurunan Kecemasan Ibu dan Perbaikan Status Bangun-Tidur BBLR melalui Perawatan Metode Kanguru

Qori’Ila Saidah, Yeni Rustina, Nani Nurhaeni


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/jki.v14i3.309


Abstract


Abstrak


Kondisi klinis dan perawatan di ruang rawat intensif pada Bayi Berat Lahir Rendah (BBLR) mempengaruhi status banguntidurnya
dan menyebabkan kecemasan pada ibu. Tujuan penelitian ini mengidentifikasi pengaruh perawatan metode kanguru
terhadap kecemasan ibu dan status bangun-tidur BBLR. Rancangan penelitian one group pretest posttest design dengan sampel
16 ibu dan BBLR di sebuah rumah sakit Surabaya secara consecutive sampling. Kecemasan ibu diukur dengan PSS: NICU dan
status bangun tidur dengan modifikasi skala Brazelton oleh Priya. Hasil analisis uji statistik menggunakan Wilcoxon Sign Rank
Test dan uji Friedman menunjukkan ada perbedaan bermakna (p= 0,000; α= 0,05). PMK mempunyai pengaruh signifikan
terhadap perubahan kecemasan ibu dan status bangun-tidur BBLR. Tenaga kesehatan disarankan mengembangkan PMK untuk
peningkatan status kesehatan ibu, juga tumbuh kembang bayi yang optimal.
Kata kunci: kecemasan ibu, perawatan metode kangguru, status bangun-tidur BBLR.


Abstract

Clinical condition and treatment at Low Birth Weight Infants (LBW) in the intensive care unit affects sleep-wake status and
causes anxiety for the mother. The aims of this study is to identify the influence of methods of kangaroo care on maternal
anxiety and sleep-wake status of LBW. The design of this study was one group pretest posttest design with sample of 16 mothers
and low birth weight in a hospital in Surabaya by consecutive sampling. Maternal anxiety was measured with the PSS: NICU
and sleep-wake status with Brazelton scale modified by Priya. The result of statistical analysis test using Wilcoxon Sign Rank
Test and Friedman test showed there are significant difference (p= 0.000; α= 0.05). KMC has a significant influence on
changes in maternal anxiety and sleep-wake status of LBW. Health care provider are recommended to develop KMC for
improvement of maternal health status, as well as the optimal infant growth and development.
Keywords: maternal anxiety, kangaroo mother care, sleep-wake state in low birth weight baby


Keywords


kecemasan ibu, perawatan metode kangguru, status bangun-tidur BBLR

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References


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