Penurunan Respon Nyeri Akut pada Bayi Prematur yang Dilakukan Prosedur Invasif Melalui Developmental Care

Lia Herliana, Dessie Wanda, Sutanto Priyo Hastono
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Abstract

Abstrak

Nyeri merupakan stimulus yang dapat merusak perkembangan otak bayi prematur. Developmental care merupakan salah
satu strategi untuk mengurangi respon nyeri akibat prosedur invasif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh
developmental care terhadap respons nyeri akut pada bayi prematur yang dilakukan prosedur invasif. Penelitian menggunakan
rancangan quasi experimental non equivalent control group, before and after design, dengan jumlah sampel 42
bayi prematur terdiri dari 21 responden sebagai kelompok kontrol dan 21 sebagai kelompok intervensi yang dipilih dengan
teknik sampling accidental sampling. Pada penelitian ini didapatkan hasil ada perbedaan selisih skor respons nyeri akut
antara kelompok yang diberikan developmental care dan kelompok kontrol (p= 0,000; α= 0,05), developmental care
menurunkan skor nyeri sebesar 2,05 poin. Developmental care perlu diterapkan dalam memberikan asuhan keperawatan pada
bayi prematur. Penelitian lanjutan tentang pengaruh developmental care terhadap perkembangan bayi prematur pada dari
aspek kognitif, bahasa, dan motorik perlu dilakukan.
Kata kunci: bayi prematur, developmental care, respons nyeri akut

Abstract

Pain is a stimulus that can damage the developing brains of premature babies. Developmental care is one strategy
in reduce pain caused by invasive procedure. The objective of this research was to determine the effects of developmental
care on acute pain response in premature babies who had been performed invasive procedure. This study used quasiexperiment
research design non equivalen control group, before and after design, involving 42 sample consisted of 21
premature babies in both control and intervention groups, technical sampling used accidental sampling. This study
founded that there was a significant difference in change score of acute pain response between on intervention and
control groups (p= 0.000; α= 0.05), developmental care decreased 2,05 point of pain scores). Developmental care was
recommended to be applied in nursing care for premature babies. Further research on effect developmental care on
development of premature babies influence cognitive, languanges, and motor skills aspects need to be designed .
Keywords: premature babies , developmental care, acute pain response

Keywords

bayi prematur, developmental care, respons nyeri akut

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References

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