DUKUNGAN SOSIAL DAN TINGKAT STRES ORANG DENGAN HIV/AIDS

Yona Kurnia Sari, Ice Yulia Wardani


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/jki.v20i2.361


Abstract


Abstrak

 

Kondisi HIV/AIDS menimbulkan stres bagi para penederitanya. Salah satu cara untuk mengurangi stres adalah mencari dukungan sosial. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi hubungan antara dukungan sosial dengan tingkat stres orang dengan HIV/AIDS di Kota Depok. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif korelasi dengan pendekatan cross sectional terhadap 77 orang dengan HIV/AIDS dengan menggunakan metode pengampilan sampel consequtive sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan yaitu Medical Outcomes Sosial Support Survey HIVdan Perceives Stress Scale HIV. Hasil penelitian ini mendapatkan bahwa dukungan sosial yang diterima responden tergolong tinggi (55,8%) dan tingkat stres responden berada dalam kategori stres berat (80,5%). Hasil analisis bivariat menemukan bahwa ada hubungan antara dukungan sosial dengan tingkat stres (p< 0,05). Hasil penelitian ini merekomendasikan dukungan sosial sebagai salah satu cara untuk membantu orang dengan HIV/AIDS menurunkan tingkat stresnya, dengan memberikan prioritas yang lebih pada dukungan materi.

 

Kata Kunci: Dukungan sosial, HIV/AIDS, tingkat stres

 

Abstract

 

Social Support and Stress among People Living with HIV/AIDS. The impact of HIV/AIDS causes stress to people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Seeking a social support is one method to reduce stress for people living with PLWHA. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between social support and stress levels of people with HIV/AIDS in Depok city. The study design was a descriptive correlation with the cross-sectional study of 77 people with HIV/AIDS by using a consecutive sampling. Instruments used namely Medical Outcomes Survey of Social Support HIV (HIV-MOSS) and Perceive HIV Stress Scale (PSS-HIV). The results of this study found that the social support received by respondents is high (55.8%) and stress levels of respondents mostly were in severe stress (80.5%). The results of the bivariate analysis found that there is a relationship between social support and stress levels (p< 0.05). The results of this study recommend social support as a way to help people with HIV/AIDS reduces the stress level, by giving higher priority to the material support.

 

Keyword: HIV/AIDS, social support, stress level


Keywords


Dukungan Sosial; HIV/AIDS; Tingkat Stres

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