Analisis Faktor yang Memengaruhi Kualitas Hidup Anak Thalassemia Beta Mayor

Dini Mariani, Yeni Rustina, Yusran Nasution


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/jki.v17i1.375


Abstract


Thalasemia ß termasuk penyakit yang memerlukan pengobatan dan perawatan yang berkelanjutan. Hal tersebut berdampak terhadap kualitas hidup anak. Tujuan  penelitian untuk mengidentifikasi dan menjelaskan faktor yang memengaruhi kualitas hidup anak dengan thalasemia beta mayor. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan cross sectional, dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 84 responden yang berasal dari dua rumah sakit. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan antara kualitas hidup dengan kadar  Hb  pre-transfusi (p= 0,003, α= 0,05), dukungan keluarga (p= 0,003, α= 0,05) dan  penghasilan (p= 0,046, α= 0,05). Hasil multivariat didapatkan bahwa kadar Hb pre-transfusi merupakan faktor yang paling memengaruhi. kualitas hidup anak. Rekomendasi dari penelitian ini adalah perlu dilakukan penelitian lanjutan dengan waktu yang lebih lama dan mengembangkan variabel-variabel lain yang belum diteliti.

 

 Abstract

 

Analysis Factors Affecting the Quality of Life of Children Beta Thalassemia Mayor. Beta thalasemia is a disease that requires sustainable medication and treatment. Iit affects on the quality of life of children. The purpose of this study to identified and explained factors that affect the quality life of children  with beta  thalasemia  major. This study used cross-sectional design, with a sample 84 respondents from two hospitals. The results showed a significant relations between quality of life  with  pretransfusi  Hb levels (p= 0,003; α= 0,05),  family support (p= 0,003; α= 0,05), and income (p= 0,046; α= 0,05). Multivariate results obtained that pretransfusi Hb levels are the most affecting factors. Recommendations from  this  study  is  necessary  to study  further with a  longer  of  time  and   develop   other  variables  that  have not been studied.

 

Keywords: child’s quality of life, thalasemia


Keywords


kualitas hidup anak; thalasemia

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References


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