Stres dan Tingkat Kecemasan saat Ditetapkan Perlu Hemodialisis Berhubungan dengan Karakteristik Pasien

Rahma Fadillah Sopha, Ice Yulia Wardani


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/jki.v19i1.431


Abstract


Stres dan kecemasan merupakan kondisi psikologis yang umumnya dirasakan pasien penyakit ginjal kronis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan karakteristik pasien penyakit ginjal kronis dengan tingkat stres dan kecemasan saat ditetapkan mendapatkan terapi hemodialisis. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei analitik cross sectional dengan melibatkan 32 pasien yang baru ditetapkan mendapatkan terapi hemodialisis. Untuk mengetahui tingkat stres dan kecemasan digunakan Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale. Dengan menggunakan uji kai kuadrat, didapatkan kesimpulan terdapat hubungan antara tingkat stres dengan usia dan tingkat pendidikan,  sedangkan tingkat kecemasan berhubungan dengan usia, jenis kelamin, status perkawinan, dan status bekerja (p value ≤ 0,05). Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa stres dan tingkat kecemasan saat ditetapkan mendapatkan terapi hemodialisis berhubungan dengan karakteristik pasien penyakit ginjal kronis. Hal ini memunculkan suatu kebutuhan akan adanya asuhan keperawatan untuk mengurangi stres dan kecemasan yang disesuaikan dengan karakteristik pasien.

 

Abstract

Relationship between the Characteristics of Chronic Kidney Disease Patient and the Level of Stress and Anxiety when was Diagnosed to Acquire Hemodialysis therapy in RSUP Fatmawati. Stress and anxiety are psychological conditions that generally occurred on chronic kidney disease patients. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the characteristics of chronic kidney disease patients and the levels of stress and anxiety when was diagnosed to acquire hemodialysis therapy. This study used cross sectional survey method which evaluated 32 patients who were newly assigned to get hemodialysis therapy. To determine the level of stress and anxiety, it was used Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale. Using the chi-square test, it was concluded there was a relationship between the level of stress with age and educational level and the level of anxiety with age, gender, marital status, and work status (p value ≤ 0.05). These results indicated that the differences in levels of stress and anxiety when was diagnosed to acquire hemodialysis therapy was associated with the characteristics of chronic kidney disease patients. So it would cause a necessity of nursing care plan to reduce stress and anxiety based on patients’ characteristics.

 

Keywords: anxiety, hemodialysis, stress


Keywords


hemodialisis; kecemasan; stres

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