“Ketinggalan Pelajaran”: Pengalaman Anak Usia Sekolah Menjalani Kemoterapi

Happy Hayati, Dessie Wanda


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/jki.v19i1.434


Abstract


Kemoterapi merupakan terapi kanker yang dapat menimbulkan efek samping yang cukup berat bahkan memengaruhi kualitas hidup pada individu semua usia. Usia sekolah merupakan tahapan usia pencapaian akan sesuatu (industry), saat anak senang beraktivitas, menyelesaikan tugas dan menjalin hubungan yang luas dengan teman sebaya dan lingkungannya. Namun, tugas perkembangan ini akan teganggu jika anak menderita penyakit keganasan yang harus menjalani kemoterapi. Penelitian kualitatif ini bertujuan mengeksplorasi pengalaman empat anak usia sekolah dalam menjalani kemoterapi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara mendalam, dan data yang dianalisis menggunakan metode Collaizi. Enam tema yang muncul adalah: (1) perubahan fisik sebagai efek negatif dari kemoterapi, (2) prestasi belajar menurun, (3) perasaan negatif akibat prosedur kemoterapi, (4) melakukan aktivitas tertentu selama kemoterapi, (5) pasrah dengan prosedur kemoterapi, dan (6) sembuh dari sakit. Penelitian ini menegaskan pentingnya mempertahankan kegiatan belajar anak yang disesuaikan dengan kondisi mereka yang sedang menjalani kemoterapi.

 

 

Abstract

 

"Miss School Class": the Experience of School Age Children Undergoing Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is a treatment for cancer that can affect the quality of life. School-age is a period of industry, where most of children in this age enjoy their activity, finish all tasks and buildrelationship with peer and the environment. However, a child with cancer might experience chemotherapy in the hospital for a long time. The aim of this qualitative study was to identify the experience of four school-age children who had undergone chemotherapy.Data were collected through interviews, and analyzed usingCollaizi method. Six themes were identified: (1) physical change asnegative effect of chemotherapy; (2) school performance declining; (3) negative feelingthat caused by chemotherapy procedure; (4) doing an activity during chemotherapy, (5) accepting all chemotherapy procedures; and (6) free from illness. This study recommends the importance of maintainingadequate learning activity for school-age children with chemotherapy in the hospital.

 

Keywords: cancer, chemotherapy, school-agechild


Keywords


anak usia sekolah; kanker; kemoterapi

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