Perencanaan Pulang Efektif Meningkatkan Kemampuan Ibu Merawat Anak dengan Pneumonia Di Rumah

Eva Yuliani, Nani Nurhaeni, Fajar Tri Waluyanti

Abstract


Pneumonia merupakan salah satu penyebab tingginya morbiditas dan mortalitas anak di Indonesia. Salah satu faktor risiko terjadinya pneumonia dan meningkatnya risiko anak untuk dirawat inap adalah kurang mampunya ibu merawat anak di rumah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi pengaruh perencanaan pulang terhadap kemampuan ibu merawat anak pneumonia di rumah. Penelitian ini merupakan studi quasi-experiment dengan rancangan post-test only group. Sampel penelitian adalah 26 responden di dua rumah sakit di Sulawesi Barat. Hasil post-test menggambarkan tingkat pengetahuan dan keterampilan masing-masing kelompok berbeda secara bermakna (p< 0,05), dan ibu pada kelompok intervensi mampu merawat anak pneumonia di rumah, berbeda secara bermakna dengan kelompok kontrol (p< 0,05). Perencanaan pulang anak dengan pneumonia hendaknya diberikan secara terstruktur guna mendukung terlaksananya asuhan keperawatan anak yang berpusat pada keluargadi rumah sakit.

 

Abstract

 

Discharge Planning Effectively Improved the Mother's Ability to Take Care of the Children with Pneumonia at Home. Pneumonia is one of the causes of high morbidity and mortality of children in Indonesia. One risk factor for pneumonia and increased risk for hospitalized children is the lack of maternal knowledge. The aim of this study was to identify the effect of discharge planning for maternal ability in caring the child with pneumonia at home. This research was a quasi-experiment study with posttest only group design. The study sample was 26 respondents in two hospitals in West Sulawesi. The result showed that the post-test level of knowledge and skills were different significantly (p< 0,05) between the groups. Mothers in the intervention group were found to be capable of caring for child with pneumonia, and this was significantly different to the control group (p< 0,05). Discharge planning about children with pneumonia should be administered to support the implementation of family-centered care in pediatric nursing at the hospital.

 

Keywords: discharge planning, maternal ability, pneumonia


Keywords


kemampuan ibu; perencanaan pulang; pneumonia

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References


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