Peningkatan Efikasi Diri dan Penurunan Depresi pada Remaja dengan Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Florensa Florensa, Budi Anna Keliat, Ice Yulia Wardani

Abstract


Sekitar 71% dari 229 remaja SMA di kota Depok, Jawa Barat mengalami depresi. Depresi terjadi karena berbagai faktor diantaranya efikasi diri yang rendah. Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) merupakan terapi yang dilakukan untuk meningkatkan efikasi diri dan mengatasi depresi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perubahan efikasi diri dan depresi setelah mendapat CBT. Metode penelitian: quasi eksperimen dengan pre-post test with control group pada penerapan CBT yang dilakukan secara berkelompok. Uji analisis yang digunakan adalah dependen dan independent sample t-Test, chi-square dan pearson product moment. Responden penelitian ini adalah remaja kelas VIII SMPN Kota Bogor. Sampel penelitian sebesar 72 remaja. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan peningkatan efikasi diri remaja yang mendapat CBT lebih tinggi dibanding remaja yang tidak mendapat CBT, depresi remaja yang mendapat CBT lebih rendah dibandingkan penurunan depresi pada remaja yang tidak mendapat CBT. Peningkatan efikasi diri mempunyai hubungan yang kuat dalam menurunkan depresi pada remaja dengan arah hubungan negatif. CBT direkomendasikan pada remaja dengan efikasi diri rendah dan depresi.

 

Abstract

 

Improved Self-Efficacy and Decrease of Depression in Teenagers with Cognitive Behavior Therapy. Research shows that in the city of Depok, West Java, there is 71% of 229 high school adolescents with depression. Depression occurs due to various factors such as low self-efficacy. Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is the treatment carried out to improve the self-efficacy and depression. This study aims to determine the change in self-efficacy and depression after receiving CBT. Research methods: a quasi experimental pre-post test with control group on the application of CBT is done in groups. The analysis used is dependent and independent sample t-test, chi-square and Pearson product moment. The respondents of this study were adolescents class VIII SMPN Bogor. This sample is 72 adolescents with low self-efficacy and depression. The results showed an increase in self efficacy teen gets CBT significantly higher than adolescents who did not receive CBT, depressed adolescents who received CBT were significantly lower than the decrease in depression in adolescents who did not receive CBT.  Increased self-efficacy has a strong relationship in reducing depression in adolescents with a negative direction. CBT is recomended in adolescents with loh self-efficacy and depression.

 

Keywords: adolescents, self-efficacy, depression and Cognitive Behavior Therapy


Keywords


efikasi diri; depresi dan Cognitive Behavior Therapy; remaja

References


Cantwell, Dennis P. Baker, Lorian. (1991). Manifestation of Depressive affect in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 121–133. doi: 10.1007/BF01537604

Ehrenberg.MF., Cox.DN., Koopman. RF., (1991). The relationship between self – efficacy and depression in adolescents. Adolescence. 26(102):361-74.

Ghaderi.Ali Reza., Salehi. Mahdi. (2011) A Study of the Level of Self-Efficacy, Depression and Anxiety Between Accounting and Management Students: Iranian Evidence. http://www.idosi.org/wasj/wasj12(8)/28.pdf.

Hyun.M.S., Chung. H.I., Lee.Y.J. (2005). The effect of cognitive-behavioral group therapy on the self-esteem, depression, and self-efficacy of runaway adolescents in a shelter in South Korea. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16106334.

Khan, kehle, Jensesn (1990). Comparison of Cognitive-Behavioral, Relaxation, and Self-Modeling Interventions for Depression among Middle-School Students. http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=EJ479071&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=EJ479071.

Keliat.B.A. Tololiu, A.T. Helena, Novy.C.D.(2010). Efektifitas pertahanaan diri terhadap stress pada remaja risiko bunuh diri di depok. FIK-UI. Tidak dipublikasikan.

Kumar, Venkatesh., Sebastian. Lissamma. (2011). Impact of CBT on Self Efficacy and Academic Achievement in Adolescent Students. Diperoleh dari http://www.jiaap.org/Listing_Detail/Logo/cf053c4c-b0ab-47de-af77-b8d507cad301.pdf.

Nies,M.A., & McEwen,M. (2001) Community Health; Promoting the Health of Populations, 3 th ed , Philadelphia : W.B. Saunders Company.

Phares, Vicky (2008). Understanding abnormal Child Psychology. 2nd ed. USA. Jhon Wiley & Sons Inc.

Rosello., Bernal., Medina. (2008). Individual and Group CBT and IPT for Puerto Rican Adolescents With Depressive Symptoms. Diperoleh dari http://humanservices.ucdavis.edu/academy/pdf/adolescent_depression.pdf.

Santrock, J.W (2003). Remaja. Jilid I. Erlangga, Jakarta

Solomando,A.M., Kendall, Tim., Whittington, C.J. (2008). Cognitive behavior therapy for children and adolescents. Curr Opin Psychiatry, Jul;21(4):332-7. doi: 10.1097/YCO.0b013e328305097c.

Sprinthall,N.A., Collins,W.A (1995). Adolescent Psychology A developmental View. (3rd ed). New York. McGraw-Hill Inc.

Stipek, D. (1993). Motivation to learn. From theory to practice (2nd Ed), Massachusetts. Allyn and Bacon.

Tabassum. Uzma., Rehman. G., (2005). The Relationship Between Self-Efficacy and Depression in Physically Handicapped Children. Diperoleh dari http://www.jpps.com.pk/display_articles.asp?d=94&p=art.

Townsend, M. C. (2009). Psychiatric mental health nursing Concept of care in avidence based practice, (6th ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.

Scott. Walter.D., Dearing. Eric., (2011). A longitudinal study of self efficacy and Depressive symptom in youth North American Plain tribe. Diperoleh dari http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8538914.

Videbeck, S.L. (2008). Buku Ajar Keperawatan Jiwa. Jakarta: EGC




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/jki.v19i3.474

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia by http://jki.ui.ac.id is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
VISITOR COUNTER

StatCounter - Free Web Tracker and Counter

~ View My Stats Detail ~