Stigmatisasi dan Perilaku Kekerasan pada Orang dengan Gangguan Jiwa (ODGJ) di Indonesia
Stigmatization and Violent Behavior on Mental Illness Patient in Indonesia. An effect of stigmatization of mental illness is violent behavior conducted by patients toward other people around them including families, nurses and communities. Conversely, patients experienced violence conducted by families, communities and nursing professionals. This study aims to understand the effects of stigmatization on violent behavior towards sufferers; and to investigate violent behavior committed by sufferers against other people. This study used Constructivist Grounded Theory. Methods of data collection are semi-structured interviews, document review, field notes, and memos. Data analysis used Paillé. Violent behavior is the effect of stigmatization including self-harm and violence against families, communities and health professionals. Physical abuse is experienced by sufferers from others. The impact of stigmatization is manifested by violent behavior committed by patients, families, staff, community and authorities. Findings are relevant to psychiatric nurses who provide care to the patients with violent behavior. Further research is needed to see the perspective of families, communities and government to understand stigma in relation to violent behavior.
Keywords: Mental Illness, violent behavior, stigma, stigmatization
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