Menurunkan Derajat Flebitis Akibat Terapi Intravena pada Anak dengan Kompres Aloe vera: Studi Pilot

Oswati Hasanah, Riri Novayelinda, Maifera Maifera, Isdelni Isdelni


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/jki.v20i1.502


Abstract


Terapi intravena merupakan jenis terapi yang banyak diberikan pada pasien anak yang dirawat. Pemasangan intravena dalam waktu yang lama dapat menimbulkan komplikasi pada anak, seperti flebitis. Salah satu tindakan mengatasi flebitis adalah dengan mengompres Aloe vera yang bermanfaat karena memiliki elektrolit dalam konsentrasi rendah sehingga tidak menimbulkan ekstravasasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi pengaruh pemberian Aloe vera terhadap derajat flebitis pada anak. Penelitian kuasi eksperimen ini melibatkan 15 anak yang dipilih dengan consecutive sampling. Semua sampel diberikan kompres Aloe vera murni. Derajat flebitis diukur dengan menggunakan skala flebitis Infusion Nurses Society (INS) sebelum dan sesudah dilakukan intervensi. Hasil penelitian ini menemukan bahwa rerata derajat flebitis sebelum perlakuan sebesar 2,60 dengan skor minimum-maksimum 1–5, rerata derajat flebitis sesudah perlakuan menjadi 1,07 dengan skor minimum-maksimum 0–3. Aloe vera efektif menurunkan derajat flebitis pada anak (p= 0,000). Penelitian selanjutnya perlu dilakukan untuk membandingkan efektifitas kompres Aloe vera dengan terapi non farmakologis lainnya.

 

Abstract

 

Reducing the Grade of Phlebitis due to Intravenous Therapy in Children with Aloe Vera Compress. Intravenous therapy is a type of treatment that is widely provided to hospitalized children. Intravenous application in a long time causes complications in children, such as phlebitis. One of the interventions in handling phlebitis is compressing Aloe vera which is useful because it has electrolyte in low concentration so as not to cause extravasation. This study aims to identify the effect of Aloe vera on the degree of phlebitis in hospitalized children. This quasi-experimental study involved 15 children selected by consecutive sampling. All samples received a pure Aloe vera compress. The grade of phlebitis was measured using the INS phlebitis scale before and after the intervention. This study found that the mean degree of phlebitis before treatment was 2.60 with a minimum-maximum score 15, and after treatment, the average grade of phlebitis was 1.07 with a minimum-maximum score 03. Aloe vera effectively decreased the degree of phlebitis in children (p= 0.000). Further research needs to compare the effectiveness of Aloe vera compresses with other non-pharmacological measurements.

 

Keywords: Aloe vera, intravenous therapy, pediatric, phlebitis


Keywords


Aloe vera; flebitis; pasien anak; terapi intravena

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References


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