REGULASI DIRI PADA PENYAKIT KRONIS - SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS : KAJIAN LITERATUR

Atikah Fatmawati


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/jki.v21i1.542


Abstract


Abstrak


Penyakit Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) adalah salah satu penyakit yang terkait dengan sistem imun. Penyakit SLE masih tergolong penyakit yang awam di Indonesia. Banyak faktor yang memengaruhi terjadinya kasus SLE di Indonesia, antara lain belum terpenuhinya kebutuhan pasien dan keluarganya tentang informasi, pendidikan, dan dukungan yang terkait dengan SLE. Hal ini diperlukan agar pasien mudah dalam penanganan penyakit terkait. Artikel dikumpulkan melalui database elektronik CINAHL, ScienceDirect, dan Proquest menggunakan kata kunci manajemen diri, sistemik lupus erythemathosus, kelelahan, dan depresi. Kriteria inklusi adalah penelitian terhadap jurnal yang diterbitkan pada periode antara tahun 2008-2017. Upaya mengurangi efek negatif penyakit kronis mutlak diperlukan. Salah satunya adalah penerapan program manajemen diri pada pasien SLE. Telah terbukti bahwa penerapan manajemen diri memiliki efek dalam mengurangi kelelahan dan depresi, dan meningkatkan keterampilan mengatasi dan efikasi diri. Pengetahuan dan pemahaman tentang program keperawatan yang relevan dalam pengelolaan penyakit kronis harus dikembangkan dalam lingkup praktik dan penelitian. Oleh karena itu, partisipasi aktif pasien dan keluarga merupakan komponen penting dalam keberhasilan program pengobatan.

 Kata kunci : depresi, kelelahan, manajemen diri, regulasi diri, dan sistemik lupus erythemathosus 

Abstract

 

Self Regulation in Chronic Illness - Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Literature Review. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is one of the diseases that associated with immune system. SLE is still classified as a disease that lay in Indonesia. Many factors that cause this disease are not detected, one of which has not fulfilled the needs of patients and family of information, education, and support that is associated with SLE. This is necessary to enable the patient in self-management related illness. Articles were collected through electronic databases CINAHL, Science Direct, and ProQuest using keywords self-management, systemic lupus erythematosus, fatigue, and depression. The inclusion criteria were studies to journals published in the period between the years 2008-2017. Efforts to reduce the negative effects of chronic disease is absolutely necessary. One is the application of self-management program in patients with SLE. It has been proven that the application has an effect in reducing fatigue and depression, and increasing coping skills and self-efficacy. Knowledge and understanding of relevant nursing programs in chronic disease self-management should be developed within the scope of practice and research. So that the active participation of the patient and family is an important component in the success of a treatment program.

 

Keywords : depression,  fatigue, self management, self regulation, and systemic lupus erythemathos

Keywords


depression; fatigue; self management; self regulation; and systemic lupus erythemathosus

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