Kebutuhan Keluarga Saat Anak Dirawat di Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU): Sudut Pandang Keluarga dan Perawat

Efa Apriyanti, Robiyatul Adawiyah

Abstract

Studi literatur menyebutkan bahwa kebutuhan keluarga saat mendampingi anak dirawat di PICU sangatlah kompleks dan bersifat subjektif sehingga pengkajian kuesioner dirasa belum mampu mewakili gambaran kebutuhan keluarga yang sebenarnya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk membandingkan persepsi perawat PICU dengan keluarga pasien PICU mengenai prioritas kebutuhan keluarga dari anak yang dirawat di ruang rawat intensif. Penelitian ini meng-gunakan mixed method approach dengan pendekatan kuantitatif menggunakan desain cross sectional di tahap pertama pengumpulan data, dilanjutkan dengan pendekatan kualitatif yang dilakukan dengan cara wawancara mendalam di tahap ke dua. Data kuantitatif diperoleh dengan menggunakan Critical Care Family Need Inventory yang telah di-modifikasi. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan tidak adanya perbedaan yang signifikan antara persepsi perawat dan keluarga dalam menilai kebutuhan keluarga pasien PICU. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa secara umum perawat PICU di dua rumah sakit yang menjadi sampel dalam penelitian ini lebih mampu memahami kebutuhan keluarga pasien dibandingkan dengan perawat dalam penelitian-penelitian sebelumnya.

 

Kata Kunci: kebutuhan keluarga pasien PICU, mixed method, persepsi perawat

 

Abstract

 

Mutual understanding between nurses and patients’ family on family needs during their child’s stay in PICU. The literature review indicated that factors affecting parents’ needs in a PICU are interrelated and not easily, or appropriately, assessed by using an inventory. Therefore, the objective of this study was to explore the needs of parents whose child has been an in-patient in a PICU, not only from the parents, but also from the perspective of nurses. A mixed method approach has been employed in this study. Quantitative data has been collected by using modified version of Critical Care Family Need Inventory, while the qualitative data was gained through in-depth interview.  The result of data analysis showed that there were no significant differences between the perception of the nurses and parents regarding the needs. The finding suggests that in general, PICU nurses in these two hospitals have better understanding about the parents' needs in comparation with most of nurses in the previous studies.

 

Keywords:  families’ needs in PICU, mixed method, nurses’ perception

Keywords

CCFNI; families’ needs in PICU; mixed method; nurses’ perception; kebutuhan keluarga pasien PICU; mixed method; persepsi perawat

Full Text:

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References

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