Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Articles
VIEWS: 793
Published: 2007-03-24

Studi Kualitatif Pengalaman Anak Usia Sekolah Pasca Rawat Inap

fenomenologi pengalaman perubahan setelah hospitalisasi.

Abstract

Abstrak

Pengalaman dirawat inap (hospitalisasi) memberikan dampak bagi anak selama dan sesudah hospitalisasi berlangsung. Tidak banyak literatur yang ditemui membahas tentang dampak hospitalisasi setelah anak pulang dari rumah sakit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggali pengalaman anak usia sekolah di rumah setelah mereka dirawat di rumah sakit. Pengalaman yang digali berfokus pada perubahan-perubahan yang terjadi di rumah setelah anak dirawat di rumah sakit dibandingkan dengan sebelum anak dirawat. Manfaat dari penelitian ini adalah untuk perkembangan ilmu keperawatan anak agar perawat dapat mempersiapkan informasi yang akan disampaikan kepada klien anak dan keluarga terkait dengan persiapan pulang. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif fenomenologi dengan wawancara mendalam pada anak usia sekolah dengan kriteria inklusi: (1) anak usia 7-12 tahun (2) minimal satu minggu pasca rawat inap (3) mengerti bahasa Indonesia (4) mempunyai kemampuan menjawab verbal terhadap pertanyaan yang diajukan peneliti. Hasil wawancara dianalisis menggunakan metode Colaizzi. Tema yang muncul saat wawancara adalah: (1) anak tidak lagi merasakan gejala sakitnya, (2) anak mengalami perubahan dalam pemenuhan kebutuhan sehari-hari, (3) anak mengalami perubahan dalam aktifitas sehari-hari, (4) anak mengalami perubahan dari sikap orang terdekat, (5) anak mengalami perubahan dalam jenis dan jumlah makanan yang dimakan. Namun, beberapa anak mengatakan tidak mengalami perubahan setelah pulang dari rumah sakit (6).

 

Abstract

Hospitalization affects children’s life before, during and after the period of hospitalization. Few literatures explained the impact of post hospitalization on children, particularly for school age children. This study aimed to explore the experiences of school age children post hospitalization. Information gathered from this study can be used to develop pediatric nursing care, particularly on discharge planning for children and family. Qualitative approach phenomenology was used as a methodology. Inclusion criterias for the participants are: (1) children age 7-12 years old, (2) at least one week post hospitalization, (3) understand Indonesian language, and (4) able to answer questions from the interviewer. Then, data was analyzed using Colaizzi’s method. Themes arised were: (1) children felt free from the symptoms of the disease, (2) children experienced changes on meeting their daily needs, (3) children experienced changes in their daily activities, (4) children experienced changes from significant other’s behavior, (5) children experienced changes in type and amount of food consumption, (6) no changes at all.

References

  1. Ball, J. W., & Bindler, R. C. (2003). Pediatric nursing: Caring for children (3rd ed.) New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.
  2. Hart, D., & Bossert, E. (1994). Self-reported fears of hospitalized school-age children. Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, 9(2), 83-90.
  3. Hockenberry, M. J. (2005). Wong’s essentials of pediatric nursing (7th ed.). St. Louis: Elsevier Mosby.
  4. McClowry, S. G., & McLeod, S. M. (1990). The psychosocial responses of school-age children to hospitalization. Child Health Care, 19(3), 155-161.
  5. Morse, J. M. (1991). Qualitative nursing research: A contemporary dialogue. Calif: Sage Publications
  6. Muller, D. J., Harris, P. J., Wattley, L., & Taylor, J. D. (1992). Nursing children: Psychology, research, and practice (2nd ed.). London: Chapman Hall.
  7. Polit, D. F. & Hungler, B. P. (2002). Nursing research: principles and methods (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott.
  8. Rennick, J. E., Johnston, C. C., Dougharty. G., Platt, R. & Ritchie, J. A. (2002). Children’s psychological responses after critical illness and exposure to invasive technology. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 23(3): 133-144.
  9. Robertson, J. (1998). Stress-point intervention for parents of children in hospital with chronic conditions reduced stress and improved child and family functioning [commentary on Burke, S. O. et al.]. Research in Nursing and Health, 20(6), 475-485. Diambil 3 Maret 2005 dari database CINAHL.
  10. Rossen, B. E., & McKeever, P. D. (1996). The behaviour of preschoolers during and after brief surgical hospitalizations. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 19(2), 121-133. Diambil 3 Maret 2005 dari database CINAHL.
  11. Tiedeman, M. E. (1997). Anxiety responses of parents during and after hospitalization of their 5-11 year old children. Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, 12(2), 110-119.

How to Cite

Wanda, D., & Hayati, H. (2007). Studi Kualitatif Pengalaman Anak Usia Sekolah Pasca Rawat Inap. Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia, 11(1), 13–18. https://doi.org/10.7454/jki.v11i1.180