Dukungan Keluarga Memengaruhi Kepatuhan Pasien Hipertensi

Fitra Yeni, Miftahul Husna, Dachriyanus Dachriyanus


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/jki.v19i3.471


Abstract


Hipertensi adalah keadaan meningkatnya tekanan darah sistolik lebih besar dari 140 mmHg dan atau diastolik lebih besar dari 90 mmHg. Keefektifan terapi pasien hipertensi ditentukan oleh kepatuhan, dan dukungan keluarga dapat menjadi faktor yang sangat berpengaruh. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuktikan seberapa besar hubungan dukungan keluarga dengan kepatuhan pada pasien hipertensi. Ini merupakan penelitan deskriptif korelatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional dan jumlah sampel sebanyak 59 orang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan di Puskesmas Padang Pasir Kota Padang tanggal 4-30 April 2013 dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Analisa data penelitian terdiri dari analisa univariat yang menggambarkan dukungan keluarga dan kepatuhan responden sedangkan analisa bivariat menggunakan uji korelasi Rank Spearman (r). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebanyak 54% responden mendapatkan dukungan keluarga dengan kategori sedang dan 59 % responden mempunyai kepatuhan dengan kategori sedang. Hasil uji statistik didapatkan nilai (r) = 0,786. Disimpulkan bahwa dukungan keluarga mempunyai hubungan sangat kuat dengan kepatuhan dan terdapat hubungan searah, sehingga semakin tinggi dukungan keluarga maka semakin tinggi kepatuhan. Dukungan keluarga berkontribusi sebesar 61,8% terhadap kepatuhan. Keluarga harus lebih memperhatikan pemberian dukungan informasional terhadap pasien hipertensi.

 

 

Abstract

 

Family Support Affect Patient Compliance with Hypertension. Hypertension is a state of increased systolic blood pressure greater than 140 mmHg and or diastolic greater than 90 mmHg. The effectiveness of treatment is determined by the compliance of hypertensive patients, and family support can be a very influential factor. This study aims to determine the relationship of family support with adherence in hypertensive patients. The study was a descriptive correlative with cross sectional approach and sample are 59 people. Data collection was conducted at Puskesmas Padang Pasir from 4 to 30 April 2013, collected using questionnaires. Data analysis consisted of univariate analysis that describes the family support and adherence respondents then bivariate analysis using Rank Spearman (r) correlation test. The results showed 54% of respondents have family support with medium category and 59% respondents have compliance with medium category. Statistical test results obtained values (r) = 0.786. Concluded that family support has a very strong relationship with compliance and there is a direct relationship, so higher family support make impact higher compliance. Family support accounted for 61.8% of compliance. Family should pay more attention to providing informational support to patients with hypertension

 

Keywords: adherence, hypertension, family support


Keywords


dukungan keluarga; hipertensi; kepatuhan

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